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  • Procedure for Grade Appeals

    III.  Procedure for Grade Appeals

    A. Purpose
    Los Medanos College is committed to ensuring that students have a fair opportunity to request changes to course grades. No grade may be challenged or changed more than one year after the end of the session in which the grade was assigned. A change of grade is any change involving the letters A, B, C, D or F and P/NP or CR/NC.  The steps that are included are in accordance with Board Policy and Education Code. The grade given each student shall be the grade determined by the Instructor. Under state law, the instructor's determination is final unless the grade given was the result of (1) mistake, (2) fraud, (3) bad faith, or (4) incompetence. Except as set forth herein, no non-faculty member, including managers, may change a student's grade without the instructor's consent. This document establishes the procedures for a student who believes that he/she is entitled to a change of grade for one of the above four reasons.

    B. Step 1 (Informal Level)
    The first step in seeking a change of grade is for the student to speak to the instructor who gave the grade and to request an explanation. If the Instructor agrees that the grade should be changed, then appropriate steps will be taken to expunge the grade from the Student’s records, and to replace it with the new grade agreed to by the Instructor.

    C. Step 2 (Informal Level)
    The second step for the student who is unable to resolve with the Instructor his or her concerns regarding a given grade is to speak with the Department Chair. The College has Department Chairs who will assist students in resolving problems or complaints against Instructors. If the Department Chair is the Instructor in question, the Office of Instruction will designate another faculty member to fill this role. The Department Chair or the designee will listen to the student's concerns and will meet with the Instructor to attempt to reach a mutually agreeable solution to the student's request. If no mutually agreeable solution is reached, the student is to be advised by the Department Chair or the designee of their rights to file a formal appeal, and the student is to be directed to the Office of Student Life, Office of Instruction or Welcome Center for a copy of the Student Grade Appeal Procedure and the Student Grade Appeal Form.

    In the rare case where the instructor of record is not available (i.e. deceased, no longer a District employee and/or attempts to contact the Instructor are unsuccessful), the Department Chair will fulfill the role of the Instructor, obtaining any possible grade records of the Instructor.

    D. Step 3 (Formal Level)
    After completing the informal process and still unable to resolve the dispute regarding a given grade, a student may initiate the formal level by filing a Student Grade Appeal Form with the Office of Instruction within one year immediately following the term in which the grade was given.

    The appeal should state the ground(s) upon which the Student contests the grade (i.e. mistake, fraud, bad faith or incompetence), and the specific facts relevant to each allegation, a statement of the results of each step at the Informal level, and the Student's perception of a fair resolution.  

    E. Step 4
    The fourth step in the process is that within thirty (30) instructional days of receipt of the appeal, the Student Grade Appeal Committee shall meet with the Student and the Instructor who recorded the grade, in a closed session meeting. If the appeal is filed in summer the 30 days will apply subject to the availability of the parties involved.

    The Student Grade Appeal Committee shall be composed of five (5) members: Two (2) Faculty, appointed by the LMC Academic Senate; Two (2) Students, appointed by the Student Senate; One (1) Educational Administrator, assigned by the Office of Instruction.

    If a Student or Faculty member on the Student Grade Appeal Committee is part of the appeal under review, a substitute will be appointed by the Student Senate (for the student members) or the LMC Academic Senate (for the faculty members) for this particular case.

    At this closed session meeting, the student and the instructor may present any oral testimony, documentary evidence, written statements or witnesses to support their respective positions. This meeting shall be informal and the technical rules of evidence shall not apply. No legal representation will be allowed to be present, but the student may be accompanied by a person of their choice for support and assistance.

    A record of the meeting  will be maintained by electronic recording or other means, so long as a reasonably complete and accurate transcript of the meeting can be recorded.

    F. Step 5
    The fifth step in the process is that within ten (10) instructional days (instructional days are days classes are in session excluding summers and weekends) after the closed session meeting, the Student Grade Appeal Committee shall submit a written recommendation to the college president (a consensus is preferable, but a 3-2 vote is sufficient for a recommendation).

    If the committee does find that a mistake, fraud, bad faith or incompetence led to a grading error, the rationale for the decision must be stated in the recommendations to the president and the committee must recommend a replacement grade.

    G. Step 6 – President’s Level
    The president will review the committee’s recommendations; make a decision, then notify the student, the faculty member and the members of the Grade Appeal Committee of the decision within ten (10) instructional days of its receipt.

    If the Student's appeal is denied, the student will be notified of his/her right to appeal the decision to the Governing Board of the Contra Costa Community College District within thirty (30) instructional days of written notification of the president’s decision.

    If the appeal is upheld, the faculty member will be notified of the right to appeal the president’s decision to the Contra Costa Community College District governing board within 30 instructional days of notification of the decision. If an instructor fails to appeal a decision within 30 instructional days, the president shall order the grade in question to be expunged from the student’s records and enter in its place the grade deemed appropriate by the Grade Appeal Committee.

    H. Step 7 – District Level Appeal

    1. Within thirty (30) instructional days of the receipt of such an appeal, the Governing Board shall conduct an informal appeal hearing in closed session with the student and instructor who recorded the contested grade.  The student and instructor shall be notified in writing of the date and time of the hearing and shall be provided with a brief description of the scope of the hearing and how the hearing will be conducted.
    2. The hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the following procedures:
      1. The hearing shall be electronically recorded.
      2. Before commencement of the hearing, the Governing Board shall review the decision, findings, transcripts of, and documentary evidence presented at the college-level proceeding(s).
      3. The student and the instructor shall be allowed to make brief statements on their own behalf.
      4. Upon completion of the student’s and the instructor’s presentations, the Governing Board will have an opportunity to ask questions of both the student and the instructor.
      5. The Governing Board will conclude the hearing, dismiss the parties, and deliberate as to a decision.
    3. The Governing Board shall issue a statement of decision including findings of fact as to each ground upon which the student or instructor based his or her appeal.  If the Governing Board sustains the student’s allegations, it shall order the contested grade to be expunged from the student’s records.  To determine the appropriate grade to be entered in its place, the Governing Board shall direct the Chancellor to form a five-member panel, composed of three faculty members including at least one faculty member from the discipline appointed by the FSCC; one academic manager at the dean level or higher appointed by the Chancellor, and one student appointed by the Student Trustee.  The panel will determine the grade after a review of the student’s course work and the instructor’s grading procedures as stated in the course syllabus.  The panel will recommend to the Governing Board the grade deemed appropriate.
    4. The records of these proceedings shall be confidential and shall be destroyed one year after the decision of the Governing Board, unless legal proceedings relative to the contested grade are initiated.
    5. If the Governing Board’s decision is unfavorable to the student, or if the student accepts the decision at the college level, the student shall have the right to submit a written statement of his/her objections to the grade in question.  This statement shall become a part of the student’s records.
    6. The decision of the Governing Board is final.


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